Coughs, Colds & Sore Throats

SneezeCommon colds are the primary reason people miss school and work. Most coughs, colds, and sore throats are caused by viruses and will resolve on their own. A visit to a healthcare provider and antibiotics are generally not needed. However; if you are getting worse after about 5 days or you have symptoms, such as ear pain, shortness of breath, or wheezing, high fever, muffled voice, inability to swallow, neck stiffness, vomiting, or asymmetrical tonsils, you should see a healthcare provider. Please review the following information to learn self-care tips and determine if you should be seen. You can also call and speak with a nurse if you have questions (707) 826-3146.


Wellness Toolkit

 Tips for Avoiding Respiratory Infections including the Flu

  • Wash your hands for at least 1 minute -- click here for an instructional video. (or Read WHO Guidelines PDF)
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick, sneezing, or coughing.
  • If possible, stay home from work, school, and errands when you are sick. You will help prevent others from catching your illness.
  • Avoid any situation which could transfer the saliva of a sick person to your mouth, such as using the same toothpaste tube or handling objects contaminated with saliva.
  • Eat a well-balanced diet. Limit sugar (lowers your immune system).
  • Drink adequate water.
  • Get regular exercise.
  • Get adequate sleep.
  • Get a flu shot every year.

CDC Everyday Preventive Actions (PDF)


Sore Throat

The Flu

How to know if you have the flu

Seasonal Influenza: Flu Basics

Seasonal Influenza Q&A

Frequently Asked Questions about Coughs, Colds, & Sore Throats

Is there a treatment for the flu?

There are prescription antiviral medications that can be used to treat the flu. These medications can decrease symptoms and shorten the time you are sick by 1 to 2 days. Most healthy people do not need these medications and will get better on their own. People at risk for complications from the flu should see their healthcare provider promptly to receive a prescription. The medication works best if taken within the first 48 hours of the illness. See if you are at risk for complications.